Who’s talking?

Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan received his doctorate in Social History from the University of Paris1 Sorbonne in the field of the history of school reforms and governance. At the beginning of his career, he developed a career in higher education, mediation and popularization of social sciences (co-founding and directing for 15 years the magazine Sciences Humaines), in high-level training activities, and in international activities.


He is a professor at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM) in Paris where he directs the laboratory of history of techno-sciences in society. He is a member of the management team of the Ecole Doctorale and director of the department/ EPN innovation of the CNAM. He is also responsible for research at the Michel Serres Center for Innovation HESAM. He is a member of the Hastec-PSL labex, the Innovation Research Network, and the Institut Francilien d’innovation en société.


In this context and in continuity with his career, his research work currently focuses on several aspects:


The reality and nature of “intermediate knowledge” in engineering or the mediation/transfer of knowledge, which has developed since the Renaissance and has been particularly reinforced in the contemporary period


The processes and techniques of knowledge legitimization:

In the long term, in a vision of socio-anthropology of knowledge

In the contemporary period, in a socio-historical vision within the ecosystems of mediation of science and technology and within the university and academic research systems and higher education in international comparison. In particular, he is developing research on the socio-history of (pluri) disciplinary traditions centered on the project (and more recently on innovation or creativity). In this context, he has been studying for several years, in collaboration with others, the emergence of multidisciplinary training through projects (design schools or innovation programs) and the convergence between active pedagogy traditions and contemporary visions of techno-scientific knowledge transfer.


Analysis of public research and innovation policies: development of framing and standardization of the construction of legitimate knowledge, in the major national research and innovation strategies.

The processes of creation and definition of innovation doctrines (managerial or engineering discourses)

Analysis of the transformation of institutions of production and transfer of scientific knowledge (entrepreneurial and innovation universities/scientific laboratories/transfer systems and agencies: SNRI)


Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan has been a visiting professor at several universities in the French Community of Wallonia-Brussels, including the University of Leuven, where he taught at the Master’s level socio-politics and the construction of values, citizenship and transformations of authority.




Publications (extract)



Scientific articles


Ruano-Borbalan J. C. (2000). A quoi servent les sciences humaines, Dialogues magazine, Mission laïque française,.


Ruano-Borbalan J. C. 2001. Quelles valeurs pour l’éducation en 2O2O; journal of the AFAE (Association Française des Administrateurs de l’Education).


Ruano-Borbalan J. C. (2006). Policymaking to promote personalised learning , in Riel Miller, ed, Personalising learning OECD.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, ” Techno-sciences en société : les voies multiples de la légitimation des savoirs “, Innovations, 1/2017 (n° 52), p. 5-15.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, ” La ” grande standardisation ” et les transformations du savoir dans les sociétés technoscientifiques “, Innovations, 1/2017 (n° 52), p. 17-41.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, “Technology, Science And Society: Norms, Cultures, and Institutions Matter,” Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, 1/2017 (No. 22), pp. 3-8.


Bertilorenzi Marco, Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Le Coq Marc, “Between Innovation and Tradition: French Design Schools, their Historical Roots and their Innovation System,” Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, 1/2017 (No. 22), pp. 57-78.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Participation et engagement dans les organisations, analyse stratégique et institutionnelle, in Technologie et innovation, n° spécial “Sciences,Techniques et innovations citoyennes” septembre 2018.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Pluridisciplinary programs for innovation: Realities and limits of a promising form of learning, European Journal of Education, Vol 4, Dec 2019.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Innovation in higher education: Actors, policies and pedagogical effects, Editorial of European Journal of Education, Vol 4, dec 2019.Ruano-Borbalan Jean Claude,


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Le monde de la recherche et son interaction avec l’économie et la société : acteurs, politiques, instruments, Cahiers d’histoire du Cnam, dec 2020/Janvier 2021.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Is Higher Education (only) a common good? multiple impacts of funding and governance reforms within Higher Education , in Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude ( ed), “To Reduce Inequalities in Higher Education

Realities, limits and promises of free Higher Education”, European Journal of Education, Vol 1, 2022.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude, Socio-historical perspectives on doctoral education, in Halash Gabor & Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude ( ed), global trends of doctoral education, European Journal of Education, Vol 2, 2022.




Book chapters


Ruano-Borbalan J. C. (2004) . The sinuous paths of cultural hegemony, in ” L’Empire américain ? “under the direction of Michel Wievorka, Balland, 2004.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2005). L’information et la diffusion des recherches. In J. Beillerot and N. Mosconi (Eds.), Traité des sciences et des pratiques de l’éducation (pp. 525-535). Paris : Dunod.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2006). La globalisation de la forme scolaire. In G. Chapelle & D. Meuret (Eds.), Améliorer l’école (pp. 103-117). Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2007). Globalization, cultures, identities. In Zheng Li Hua and Yang Xiao Ming (Eds.), France-Chine, migrations de pensées et de technologies (pp. 181-197). Paris: L’Harmattan.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2007). La très longue histoire de la pédagogie. In V. Dupriez & G. Chapelle (Eds), Enseigner (pp. 41-53). Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2008). Mondialisation et éducation, in A. van Zanten (Ed.), Dictionnaire de l’éducation (pp. 481-485). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2009). La société du savoir et de la connaissance : utopie, idéologies et réalité ; J.M Barbier ; E.Bourgeois ; G.Chapelle ; J.C. Ruano-Borbalan, Encyclopedia of Training; Presses Universitaires de France (PUF).


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. Participation/political deliberation in the mirror of organizational theory, Site de l’association Michel Crozier, January 2014 .


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C, Les voies de la construction des savoirs légitimes, in Marcel Jaeger ( dir), La recherche en travail social, Dunod, April 2014.





Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C.  (1998), Penser la guerre, Penser la paix (éditions SH,)


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2002. Revised edition 2005 and 2009, La mondialisation (collaboration with S.Allemand); ed Cavalier Bleu.


Vincent Troger & Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (expanded reprint 2021), L’histoire du système éducatif, PUF, Qsje.


Ruano-Borbalan , J.-C. (dir), Une révolution dans l’Enseignement Supérieur ? Training for innovation and creativity through projects and multidisciplinary innovation, Editions ISTE (forthcoming)


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C,( 2021), Une histoire évolutionniste de la connaissance (An evolutionist history of Knowledge), in preparation.




Editing of books and scientific journals


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (1997), Savoir Former, Editions Demos


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. Eduquer et Former, (1998 : new revised and expanded edition 2002), Editions SH.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (1999), Le Management aujourd’hui, Idéologies et pratiques, éditions Demos.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (1999/2004), L’Identité, l’individu, le groupe, la société, Editions SH,


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2000), Savoirs et Compétences en formation et organisations, éditions Demos ,


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2000), L’Histoire aujourd’hui, Editions SH,


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2001), Le Changement en organisations et en formation, éditions Demos.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. Le Pouvoir, Individus, Organisations, Sociétés, 2002, Editions SH.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. (2003), Transmettre, en éducation formation et organisations, éditions Demos.


J.M Barbier ; E.Bourgeois ; G.Chapelle ; J.C. Ruano-Borbalan, ( 2009) Encyclopédie de la Formation ; Presses Universitaires de France (PUF).


Ruano-Borbalan J.C. ,ed, Technosciences in society , Innovations, journal of economics and management of innovation, 2017/1, 52, De Boeck, January 2017, 248 p.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.C, “Technoscientific cultures and innovation”, Journal of innovation, economics and management, 2017/1 22, De Boeck, January 2017, 192 p.


Madina Rival & Ruano-Borbalan Jean Claude, ed, La co-construction des politiques publiques, Politiques et management publique, September 2017.


Bertrand Bocquet & Ruano-Borbalan Jean Claude ( ed), Participation, technical democracy and innovations, Technology and Innovation, Volume 3, Sept 2017, ISTE-Open Edition.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean Claude, “La démocratie technique au prisme des Sciences sociales”, in Bertrand Bocquet & Ruano-Borbalan Jean Claude ( ed), Participation, démocratie technique et innovations, Technologie et innovation, Volume 3, sept 2017, ISTE-Open Edition.


Ruano-Borbalan, J.-C. , (2019), Co-creation, Design thinking, innovation: new pedagogy for learning? ( temporary), in Ruano-Borbalan J.-C. , editor, European Journal of Education, vol 4/ 2019, Whiley-Blackwell /EIESP.


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude D’un monde dangereux à un monde en danger !

Comment penser, réguler et faire face aux risques technoscientifiques contemporains, Rapport chaire Nouveaux risques Allianz, Février 2021 ( publication en cours )


Ruano-Borbalan Jean-Claude & Camille Paloque-Bergès, Le Conservatoire et ses chaires de Sciences, techniques et société : des politiques scientifiques aux politiques de l’innovation, cahiers d’histoire du Cnam, n° 14, Mars 2022.



Ruano-Borbalan J.-C. (2022), “reducing  Inequalities in Higher Education, limits and possibilities» in Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan ( ed) , To reduce Higher Education inequalities, limits and promises “, European Journal of Education, Vol 2, March 2022, Whiley Blackwell.

Ruano-Borbalan J.C. ( 2022) « doctoral  education from it’s medieval foundations to today’s globalization and standardization», in Gabor Halaz & Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan ( ed) « transformations of Doctoral Education », European Journal of Education, Vol 3, June 2022, Whiley Blackwell.




Conduct and organization of scientific activities (conferences/seminars)




2012Program ” Legitimations of knowledge : the role of techniques in the social construction of legitimate knowledge ” ; scientific direction : J.C. Ruano-Borbalan; organization: C. Paloque-Berges; labeled by the Labex HASTEC since 2014 (and with the partnership of (HT2S-Cnam, DICEN-Cnam, CH2ST-Paris 1, ESCP, CAK/EHESS). Research notebook: legitimes.hypotheses.org.:


2014 “The role of techniques in the social construction of legitimate knowledge”, directed by Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan

2014 study day “Do technologies shift the boundaries of knowledge legitimization?” (Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan December 2014)


2015: “Negotiating the legitimacy of knowledge: multiple actors between technical systems and devices”, young researchers seminar, directed by Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan and Camille Paloque-Berges,


2015 Study day: “Hybrid devices of knowledge negotiation” (April 2015) in collaboration with the program “Sciences et Techniques en Interférences” (CAK/EHESS and UPEC-ESPE)


2014 Seminar “Mediation of Techniques and Sciences” (with CCSTI and Musée des arts et métiers partners): 2014, directed by Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan.


2015 participation in the IRISS program, “reinventing the science/society alliance”, IFRIS (Institut Francilien de recherche et d’innovation en société/ Labex SITES) . Interventions at the IRISS conference on January 6 and 7, 2015.


2015 Co-organization of the conference “Mutations of the project, environments and digital cultures”, May 2015 (dir. A. Tuffano, labelled Labex CAP with partners ENSAPLV, HT2S-CNAM, ENSCI). Intervention Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan: “cultures and technological devices”.


 Co-organization of the CNAM/ IHEST (Institut des Hautes Etudes pour la Science et la Technologie) day on May 11, 2015. Intervention: “Education and Scientific Research: The ways of building legitimate knowledge”, Corrected minutes online on IHEST website for listeners.


2016 Network “Penser la technique en société”, Hésam University (2013-2015): scientific co-direction, and interventions in the seminar “Temporalités de la technique” (2015-2016), Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan.


ntervention “the role of techniques in the social construction of legitimate knowledge”, colloquium “Materiality in SHS”, IFRIS, Barcelona, June 17, 2015 


Study day “Public management, arts and crafts” (Cnam, December 10, 2015) : conception and direction J-C. Ruano-Borbalan (HT2S) and M. Rival (LIRSA). Intervention Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan on Public policies and development of techno-scientific forms of innovation


Jean Claude Ruano-Borbalan (research project leader in partnership with Gerphau ENSAPLV and Centre Michel Serres pour l’innovation), Les promesses du projet : pédagogie, action et savoir , 2015/16, funding Confluence Hesam Program


Participation in the program ” Archéologie des Innovations Abandonnées, Délaissées ou Résurgentes (ARIAD) “, directed by B. Darras, Paris 1/ UMR ACTE in partnership with Cnam (HT2S and DICEN), ENSCI, ENSAPLV/UMR GERPHAU


2016-2018, Steering of the joint research Centre Michel Serres/Labex Dynamite/Caisse des dépots et consignation on territorial foresight from below (uses and practices): 2016-2018


Co-direction of the colloquium “Lex Robotica”, UFR Droit Paris 13/laboratoire HT2S Cnam, CNAM, 21 September 2017.


Art, Social Sciences, Sciences and Innovation “For an anatomy of multidisciplinary project-based training”, Hangzhou, China Academy of Art, Workshops July 25-August 2, 2017 and October 6-9, 2017; International Forum March 5-8, 2018.


May 2018, Cnam research day on expertise, laboratories HT2S and LIRSA (collaboration chair Mediation of techniques and sciences in society with the chair Foresight / chair Risk).


Seminar and international colloquium: science and technology in society, “actuality of the work of Jean-Jacques Salomon” (2018-2020), laboratory of excellence SITES/Laboratory HT2S Cnam, leading to publication (Cahiers d’histoire du Cnam)



2020, 0rganization of the symposium “mediation of science and technology, research issues, action issues” (23, 24 and 25 April 2020-> transformed into Webinar / in progress) in collaboration between Cnam-HT2S laboratory and Cité des sciences et de l’industrie de la Vilette.


January 2020-June 2021 (postponed to 2022 due to health crisis), International seminar/study days on “innovation and higher education” (HT2S Cnam & FOAP Cnam/ COSTECH UTC)


February/March 2020 (postponed to 2022 due to health crisis): International Seminar : To Reduce Inequalities in Higher Education? Realities, limits and promises of free Higher Education, HT2S-LIRSA in partnership (IFRIS/EUSPRI-EIESP-Unesco-OIF-AUF)


July 3-7, 2021: Square Meeting ( third mission of the universities), Tbilisi, Ilia State University.


3-7 Juillet 2021 : Square Meeting (troisième mission des universités), Tbilissi, Ilia State University.


14-16 septembre 2021, Journée d’étude Ilia state University/UNESCO/Cnam sur le futur de la Mer Noire


6-9 octobre 2021 communication “Innovation”, An Ideology That Will Not Make A Better World !” pour la réunion 2021 de la Society for the Social Studies of Science organisée depuis Toronto.


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